With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Bosnia began its transformation into a modern state.
However, it has since fallen behind in the Balkans and many of its borders have been sealed off to protect them from migrants.
Many residents of the south-eastern region, which has the largest Muslim population in the country, blame the government for the lack of services and education for its predominantly Muslim population.
Many of the problems are also due to the failure of the government to deal with the situation of migrants, who have flooded into the region, particularly from the north.
As a result, the region has become increasingly unstable.
The region is currently in a state of war between Bosniaks and Serbs, with the latter taking a more aggressive stance in recent years.
Bosnia has been ruled by an interim government since April, with an election set for April 22.
However there is a lack of a clear winner.
“There is no clear winner of the elections,” said Zoran Djukanovic, a senior Bosnian official.
“Bosnia is in a difficult situation.
We have a big problem in the south of the country and we have to do something to solve it.”
According to figures compiled by the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the population of Bosnia has dropped by 13 per cent in the past year.
A similar decline has been reported in Serbia, which is currently experiencing the largest refugee crisis in the world, with 3.2 million people currently living in the neighbouring country.
The latest data from the UN Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) shows that the total number of illegal migrants crossing the border into Serbia increased by 20 per cent last year, from 641,000 to 758,000.
While the UNODC estimates that the number of refugees entering Serbia by sea increased by 22 per cent, it does not provide a breakdown of the exact number of people entering by sea from Bosnia.
In addition, the UN says that the Bosnian government has not been able to provide adequate assistance to the region’s refugees, who are often unable to find work and are unable to receive basic healthcare.
A new border crossing between Bosnia and Serbia is also in place, but it is not currently operational.
In March, the Serbian government announced that it had opened a new border for people who have been granted refugee status in Bosnia, in an attempt to ease tensions in the region.
However the move has also been criticised by the international community.